True Nanotexturing (below 100 nanometers) has been shown to significantly enhance osteoblast functions that are necessary to grow bone and to promote fusion.1,2 So, with nano-scale surface concavities of 20-50 nanometers, Vallum’s PEEKplus® is unique in the spinal device market.
1 Ganesan Balasundaram and Thomas J. Webster. A perspective on nanophase materials for orthopedic implant applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry, Issue 38, 2006
2 Gabriel Colon. Brian C. Ward, Thomas J. Webster. Increased osteoblast and decreased Staphylococcus epidermidis functions on nanophase ZnO and TiO2. Published online 2 June 2006 in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.30789